The Marmolada is the second in order of the UNESCO sites. And the highest peak of the Dolomites Mountains, 3.342 meters high. Lies between Trentino and Veneto, where the main ridge forms the edge between the two regions.
The group is from the Valle del Cordevole north and east, the Valle del Biois and Val San Pellegrino to the south and the Valle dell'Avisio to the north-west and covers an area of about 2.207 hectares.
As massive as the other peaks also includes Collac-Buffaure, Ombretta-Ombrettola, Monzoni-Vallaccia, mountain of Cima Uomo (man’s peak) and mountain of Padòn and of Auta. Among the most important peaks are listed Pizzo Serauta 3.069 meters high, the Gran Vernel 3.210 meters and the Small Vernel 3.098, and Punta Rocca 3.309 meters.
This mountain has always been called "The Queen of the Dolomites", not only for its height but also the grandeur and majesty of this mountain. The glacier is perhaps, by extension, the only true remaining glacier in the Dolomites. The mountain is also of interest by geologists, that is approximately centrally between the Dolomites, the height of its peak and its famous South Face, 600 meters high.
But even more to be added to the features of this massive, and in particular the singularity of his rock called limestone of the Marmolada, makes it an example of geological and morphological complexity of all the Dolomites. The peculiarity of the rocks makes it an element and unique identifier. The feet of the mountains are made of rocks of volcanic origin, dark color almost black. The walls above the contrary are clear, made of limestone but with a little magnesium. A peculiar element for the Geology of Dolomites.
This chemical-geological characteristic of its rocks, and the fact that they have a great variety of shapes of the rocks and a special beautylandscape, led the UNESCO to include this massive cross-site World Heritage site.
In terms of Dolomites Climbing the first to reach the summit in 1864 was Paul Grohmann, an Austrian considered one of the pioneers of in these mountains. Still climbing this mountain is a source of excitement and interest from climbers around the world.